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Great Lakes maritime industry and environmentalists team up to keep ‘critters’ from hitching rides in ships’ ballast water

Published 09/20/2012, Pine Journal

How safe is safe? How can we keep aquatic invasive species out of ballast water & out of the Great Lakes? How many organisms discharged from a ship’s ballast tanks are enough to spark an invasion? What ballast water treatment methods would best manage those threats ahead of time? Are microbes – the smallest of organisms (e.g. bacteria and viruses) – a concern?

Word count: 983

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