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Dale Hall, Published May 18 2013

Letter: Conservation vital element of farm bill

As agriculture committees in the House and Senate turn attention to considering and reporting out a five-year farm bill this month, it’s important to consider how many Americans have felt the negative impact of not having a comprehensive bill.

Every U.S. citizen is affected by the farm bill. That includes farmers and ranchers, of course, but also the majority of Americans who enjoy clean water, affordable food and the great outdoors.

In the midst of an extreme drought hitting the United States, the House of Representatives allowed the farm bill, which ensured drought funding, to expire during the last session of Congress. Farmers and ranchers can’t make long-term plans for their crops or lands without knowing which programs will be funded or eliminated. Outdoor enthusiasts are losing recreation opportunities due to lost or degraded wildlife habitat. The wetlands and grasslands that conserve soil and keep our rivers and lakes clean are being converted to marginally productive agriculture land.

Habitat for waterfowl and other wildlife is being lost at a rate not seen since the Dust Bowl. A South Dakota State University study found that more than 1.3 million acres of grasslands have been converted to crop agriculture since 2006. The study also concluded that crop insurance policies in the current farm bill could encourage farmers to take greater risks in where to plant, putting in jeopardy native prairies and wetlands that provide habitat and also many societal benefits, including clean water.

Ducks Unlimited joins the many conservation, commodity, agriculture and forestry groups asking both houses of Congress to pass a five-year farm bill before the extension expires in September. However, we are also asking for the farm bill to maintain and, in some cases, strengthen conservation programs:

DU encourages anyone who enjoys the outdoors to contact your member of Congress. Tell them conservation programs are an integral part of this year’s five-year farm bill.

Hall was the director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and is currently CEO of Ducks Unlimited, the world’s leader in wetlands conservation.