Published March 07 2013
Potential indicators of human traffickingThe individual in question:
- Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes.
- Is younger than 18 years old and is providing commercial sex acts.
- Is in the commercial sex industry and has a pimp or manager.
- Is unpaid, paid very little, or paid only through tips.
- Works excessively long and/or unusual hours.
- Is not allowed breaks or suffers under unusual restrictions at work.
- Owes a large and/or increasing debt and is unable to pay it off.
- Was recruited through false promises concerning the nature and conditions of his/her work.
- Is living or working in a location with high security measures.
- Exhibits unusually fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense or nervous/paranoid behavior.
- Reacts with unusually fearful or anxious behavior at any reference to law enforcement.
- Avoids eye contact.
- Exhibits a flat affect.
- Exhibits unexplained injuries or signs of prolonged/untreated illness or disease.
- Appears malnourished.
- Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement or torture.
- Has few or no personal possessions.
- Is not in control of his/her own money, has no financial records, or bank accounts.
- Is not in control of his/her own identification documents.
- Is not allowed or able to speak for him/herself.
- Has an attorney that he/she doesn’t seem to know or to have agreed to receive representation services from.
- Has been branded by a trafficker with a tattoo or other marking.
- Claims to be “just visiting” and is unable to clarify where he/she is staying or to provide an address.
- Exhibits a lack of knowledge of whereabouts and/or does not know what city he/she is in.
- Exhibits a lost sense of time.
- Has numerous inconsistencies in his/her story.
Source: Polaris Project